Ahad, 10 Januari 2010

Quality of a Good Teacher

Quality of a Good Teacher
An American definition of 'Teaching' envisages that ' Teaching is the consistent and effective transfer of appropriate behaviours which lead to the achievement of predetermined and specified results'. Hence in order to substantiate the purpose of teaching that is the transfer of knowledge to the students properly so that after receiving teachings they can acquire expected knowledge and pre-determined results. Hence a good teacher is he who teaches the students how to lead their lives cleanly and controlled towards acquiring knowledge. The quality of a good teacher is vitality important for ideal teachings to the students. He should know the correct way of teaching where the students are inspired to learn and devote themselves to study.

According to Comonenius, a famous educationist, in order to make teaching successful, the three things are vitally important. These are : Good teacher, Good method and Good books. Indeed, a good teacher plays a vital role in making teachings to the students successful.
Being a teacher, he should behave in such a way by dint of his own image, voice and body use so that interaction and transfer of behaviour between the teacher and the student are accelerated in a systematic manner.
About the image, he needs to behave like the following:

 Well-dressed
Well rested
He has to arrive before the students
He has to greet the students as they arrive
He needs to be enthusiastic about teaching in relevant field
He has to identify and help the less able students
He should remain alert and concentrate on how his students are behaving
He should be an attentive listener
He should think before he speaks
He should remain calm and quiet

Assuming in a teaching classroom, computer class on Visual Basic is going on. The students are feeling boring because the teacher was not well dressed and well rested. Rather he has arrived late and he has not greeted them. Some students do not understand his lecture. He is running fast. He is not identifying and helping the less able students. In this case, despite his sound knowledge in the relevant field, he may not be treated as a good teacher. Henry Fayol defines a teacher as an active student of the students who can play very much attractive and fascinate role upon overall performances in the class. Besides this, in order to make our teachings memorable by good preparation, we need to follow as appended below apropos to the use of Voice:
A teacher must start with Bang and end with Bang.
In between check and interaction, a teacher should understand one thing that the students are learning.
To plan for accurate timing
To choose a suitable teaching methods in respect of the students and topics with a great care. And to help the students learn, especially those who are with problems.

Apropos to the use of voice one who will be a good teacher must be well conversant with the following:

Trend/style of speaking
 Will the students hear you at the back?
Will you, being a teacher " umm" and " aha"?
Will you speak slowly for " big" message?
Whether, being a teacher, you create excitedly enthusiasm?
Quickly to stimulate?
 Enthusiastically to stop boredom?
Will you repeat important message?
 Will you use good examples to highlight points?
Will you tell stories, which make important points?
Are you sound confident and in control the class?

An ideal teacher needs to play a vital role in active advisor among the students. He needs to be careful about the criteria on Control, Guide, Consult and Facilitate.
Control: To draw up and issue instruction, and stay with the students, closely supervising its action.
Guide to clarify what is required, hand over ownership to students and offer to give advice when they call you.
Consult: To give a broad outline, ask students to discuss ideas and agree actions, using us as a separate expert reference point.
 Facilitate to give overall direction, co-ordinate the group's discussion and expect it to produce a progress report.

Being a teacher, our attitude may vary according to the nature of the students subject area.
Being a teacher, we need to be very careful in using our voice for effective teaching class. A good teacher need not be excited and agitated towards the students. We should give chance to ask question to the students so that transfer of behaviour is made possible in a significant manner. Sometimes, we forget that we are a teacher and we have a particular job for the students on the concept of learning. According to Franchise Bacon, there are two types of learning: One is Pedagogy- children's learning and the other is Andragoggy- Adult learning. In case of adult learning, we cannot teach anybody, we only help them to learn. So in the case of using our voice we need to be responsible and tactful. Hence Somerset Maugham says " It is difficult to pass over the razor's edge, but the wise say the path to salvation is hard "
Being a teacher, we should be careful in using our body. In this connection, we should bear in mind the following points:
To think of the image we want to convey and practice and how shall we achieve it ?
Are we neatly/comfortably dressed?
Shall we fidget with a pen, watch, glasses, etc. ?
Shall we avoid eye contact?
 If we make eye contact, how shall we do this ?
Shall we sit or we stand ?
If we sit , will it be near to/ a distance from students
If you sit how will you use your hands and leg

That is to say, a teacher's behaviour will be in such which must attract the students for effective and efficient teaching.

In delivering lecture, there are limitations, which may create hindrance to learning on the part of the students. Sometimes the lecture may be monotonous and boring due to continuous saying. If there exists dryness amongst the students, the teacher should change the policy of his lecture. He should ask open-ended questions. Open ended questions help get the students involved. Assuming to know a particular thing, one may get interested if he is intended to know those particular items. Some of the limitations of delivering a lecture are as follows:
To ask question for 'Yes'/ No answer.
Not to ask open ended question to get people involved.
To use agitated words
Not to say repeatedly while delivering lecture
Not to ask meaningful questions
To ask several question at a time
Not to give feedback on answers yourself, or involve others
Not to give people a chance to absorb the question and answer it.
Not to welcome answers
To be critical in answering and asking questions.

An ideal teacher needs to be well conversant about using the language. It is indispensable to create awareness and congenial atmosphere on the part of a teacher. The following are the different ways to improve lecture.
To manage intersperse lecture with opportunities to challenge and discuss what is being delivered.
To break the students into groups for exercises which develop lecture themes and need to be reported back and analysed.
To use case studies, which challenge students to apply the teaching, they are being given.
To use Video record teaching sessions and analyse progress and results.
To use role plays to demonstrate examples of what is said in lectures.
To split into teams which analyse the days lecture theme and give a resume of it on same / next day.
To be prepared to facilitate and contribute to discussions and help groups prepare feedback.
 To develop feedback techniques on what a teacher observes groups doing.

In order to develop lecture, group discussion is a vital thing. As a teacher, we have to ensure that group performance is effective.

From the students view point, a good teacher needs to inform the following 10 golden rules of Franchise Bacon :
1. Be on time.
2. Be obedient.
3. Be courteous.
4. Don't interrupt- one.
Teacher at a time.
Wait for the turn of the students
5. No visitors during classes/ messages on notice board.
6. Stay in your seat, be with the classes.
7. Be attentive.
8. Contribute to what is happening.
9. We are a team here - be a team layer.
10. To be particular in doing home task and taking part in active role on social and cultural affairs of the students

Apropos to the teaching method, the following are important to apply in teaching the students virtually.
1. Telling is not teaching
2. Age is not a bar to learn
3. Meaningful learning experience
4. Voice, image and body use
5. Practically oriented way of teaching
6. Repeat, Recap and Review

In view of the above, a good teacher selects any method to teach the students but according to Franchise Bacon, most of the good teachers select the sixth Rule of teaching that is ' Repeat, Recap, Review ' which is the most important one to make the teaching vitally effective, meaningful, fruitful and up to the mark

The reasons in support of the argument are stated as follows.

(a) Repeat: According to Franchise Bacon, 'when you tell something in the class to a group of students, it is only a saying but when you recapitulate it, repeat it and ask the question on the progress, it will be interacted and if you further emphasize the concept, they will be conversant with the relevant knowledge'. Indeed, incase of delivering an important message, if it is stated once-only 10% will be memorized but if it is stated 6 times then 90% are memorized after one year. So, reiteration/repetition is the most important tools for the teaching to make the topics rememberable. If the message is not remembered and understandable then the whole thing will be treated as useless.

(b) Recap : It is generally meant by recap to go over again the vital point of the relevant contents. Using FULLE-R and VHF for better memorization can do the recap. As the first events are best memorized so to start with big message. Thereafter unusual event like cartoon, exercise etc. be used. Thirdly, linked event, here mnemonics or analogy can be used and lastly to end with big messages of fascination towards the topics. In this context, summing up the ideas to arrive the conclusion that is the gist in question to be communicated to the students as a good communicator of the teaching course. We should remember one thing that ' Telling is not teaching; we need to make teaching active and interesting; get students involved; see it from the student's view; we should use VHF and FULL-R. According to Commoneus, a famous educationist, for an effective teaching, 'only lecture is immaterial but in order to ornament it for better memorization, ideal approach, demonstration, visual display and varieties of attractions of the students are needed'
(b) Review: A proverb always goes like ' To err is human'. It is human nature to forget the things/message, which is not reviewed that are we losing what we don't review. To review we are to regularly sum up where we have reached and invited questions.
At the end of every topics if the teacher repeats, recap and review, ask questions and help them to answer properly, the trainees will be more motivated and conversant with the subjects and grasp it properly so that teaching will be effective and fruitful.

According to Comoneius, a famous educationist, in order to make teaching successful, the three things are vitally important. These are good teacher, Good method and Good books. Indeed, a good teacher plays a vital role in making teaching successful.
Being a teacher, he should behave in such a way by dint of his own image, voice and body use so that interaction and transfer of behaviour between the teacher and the student are accelerated in a systematic manner.
About the image, he needs to behave like the following:
Well-dressed
Well rested
He has to arrive before the students
He has to greet the students as they arrive
He needs to be enthusiastic about teaching
He has to identify and help the less able students
He should remain alert and concentrate on how his groups are behaving
He should be an attentive listener
He should think before he speaks
He should remain calm and quiet

Assuming in a teaching classroom, computer class on visual FoxPro is going on. The students are feeling boring because the teacher was not well dressed and well rested. Rather he has arrived late and he has not greeted them. Some students do not understand his lecture. He is running fast. He is not identifying and helping the less able students. In this case, despite his sound knowledge in the relevant field, he may not be treated as a good teacher.
Henry Fayol defines a teacher as an active student of the student who can play very much attractive and fascinate role upon overall performances in the class. Besides this, in order to make our teaching memorable by good preparation, we need to follow as appended below apropos to the use of Voice:
A teacher must start with Bang and end with Bang.
In between check and interaction, a teacher should understand one thing that the students are learning.
To plan for accurate timing
To choose a suitable teaching methods in respect of the students and topics with a great care and to help the students to learn, especially those who are with problems.

Apropos to the use of voice one who will be teacher must be well conversant with the following :

Trend/style of speaking
Will the students hear you at the back?
Will you, being a teacher " umm" and " aha"?
Will you speak slowly for " big" message?
Whether, being a teacher, you create excitedly enthusiasm?
Quickly to stimulate?
 Enthusiastically to stop boredom?
Will you repeat important message?
 Will you use good examples to highlight points?
Will you tell stories, which make important points?
Are you sound confident and in control the class?

An ideal teacher needs to play a vital role in active leadership among the students. He needs to be careful about the criteria on Control, Guide, Consult and Facilitate.
Control: To draw up and issue instruction, and stay with the group, closely supervising its action.
Guide: To clarify what is required, hand over ownership to students and offer to give advice when they call you.
Consult: To give a broad outline, ask students to discuss ideas and agree actions, using us as a separate expert reference point.
 Facilitate: To give overall direction, co-ordinate the group's discussion and expect it to produce a progress report.

Being a teacher, our attitude may vary according to the nature of the students subject area.
Being a teacher, we need to be very careful in using our voice for effective teaching class. We need not be excited and agitated towards the students. We should give chance to ask question to the students so that transfer of behaviour is made possible in a significant manner. Sometimes, we forget that we are a teacher and we have a particular job for the students on the concept of learning. According to Francise Bacon, there are two types of learning: One is Pedagogy- children's learning and the other is Andragoggy- Adult learning. In case of adult learning, we cannot teach anybody, we only help them to learn. So in the case of using our voice we need to be responsible and tactful. Hence Somerset Maugham says " It is difficult to pass over the razor's edge, but the wise say the path to salvation is hard "
Being a teacher, we should be careful in using our body. In this connection, we should bear in mind the following points:
To think of the image we want to convey and practice and how shall we achieve it ?
Are we neatly/comfortably dressed?
Shall we fidget with a pen, watch, glasses, etc. ?
Shall we avoid eye contact?
If we make eye contact, how shall we do this ?
Shall we sit or we stand ?
If we sit , will it be near to/ a distance from students
If you sit how will you use your hands and leg

That is to say, a teacher's behaviour will be in such which must enchant the students for effective and efficient teaching.

In delivering lecture, there are limitations, which may create hindrance to learning on the part of the students. Sometimes the lecture may be monotonous and boring due to continuous saying. If there exists dryness amongst the students, the teacher should change the policy of his lecture. He should ask open-ended questions. Open ended questions help get people involved. Assuming to know a particular thing, one may get interested if he is intended to know those particular items. Some of the limitations of delivering a lecture are as follows :
To ask question for 'Yes'/ No answer.
Not to ask open ended question to get people involved.
To use agitated words
Not to say repeatedly while delivering lecture
Not to ask meaningful questions
To ask several question at a time
Not to give feedback on answers yourself, or involve others
Not to give people a chance to absorb the question and answer it.
Not to welcome answers
To be critical in answering and asking questions.

An ideal teacher needs to be well conversant about using the language. It is indispensable to create awareness and congenial atmosphere on the part of a teacher. The following are the different ways to improve lecture.
To manage intersperse lecture with opportunities to challenge and discuss what is being delivered.
To break the students into groups for exercises which develop lecture themes and need to be reported back and analysed.
To use case studies, which challenge students to apply the teaching, they are being given.
To use Video record teaching sessions and analyse progress and results.
To use role plays to demonstrate examples of what is said in lectures.
To split into teams which analyse the days lecture theme and give a resume of it on same / next day.
To be prepared to facilitate and contribute to discussions and help groups prepare feedback.
To develop feedback techniques on what a teacher observes groups doing.

In order to develop lecture, group discussion is a vital thing. As a teacher, we have to ensure that group performance is effective.

The End

Tiada ulasan:

Catat Ulasan