Jumaat, 30 Oktober 2009

abstrak: iklim sekolah

Safian Abd Rashid (Penyelia : Dr. Saad bin Md. Yasin)

IKLIM sekolah : kajian di dua buah sekolah menengah di daerah Seremban, Negeri Sembilan

Kajian ini dijalankan ke atas dua buah sekolah menengah di daerah Seremban Negeri Sembilan, melibatkan sebuah Sekolah Berasrama Penuh (Sekolah Datuk Abdul Razak) dan sebuah Sekolah Menengah Harian Biasa (Sekolah Menengah Jalan Sikamat).Tujuan kajian ini dijalankan untuk melihat apakah jenis iklim sekolah yang terdapat di kedua-dua buah sekolah tersebut. Disamping itu kajian perbandingan juga dibuat untuk melihat adakah terdapat perbezaan iklim Sekolah Berasrama Penuh (SBP) dengan Sekolah Harian Biasa (SHB). Kajian ini cuba melihat perbezaan iklim sekolah yang dipersepsikan oleh guru dan yang dipersepsikan oleh pelajar di SBP dan SHB. Akhirnya kajian ini juga melihat apakah terdapat hubungan antara iklim sekolah dengan kepuasan guru bekerja. Seramai 60 orang guru dan 80 orang pelajar dari kedua-dua buah sekolah telah menjadi responden dalam kajian ini dengan menjawab soal selidik 'School Climate Profile' . Disamping itu juga pengkaji telah membuat pemerhatian selama seminggu di kedua-dua buah sekolah tersebut dan bertemu bual dengan beberapa orang guru dan pelajar untuk menguatkan data yang diperolehi daripada soal selidik. Analisis data telah mengumpulkan keputusan-keputusan berikut: (1) Kedua-dua buah sekolah yang dikaji mempunyai jenis iklim terbuka. (2) Iklim Sekolah Berasrama Penuh dengan Sekolah Harian Biasa tidak mempunyai perbezaan. (3) Terdapat perbezaan iklim sekolah seperti yang dirasakan oleh guru dan pelajar. (4) Terdapat hubungan yang kuat antara iklim sekolah dengan kepuasan kerja guru. Daripada keputusan kajian ini, disimpulkan bahawa Sekolah Berasrama Penuh yang dilengkapi dengan pelbagai kemudahan tidak semestinya mempunyai iklim sekolah yang jauh lebih terbuka daripada Sekolah Harian Biasa. Dari aspek guru pula, lebih merasakan iklim sekolah mereka lebih terbuka jika dibandingkan dengan pelajar dan semakin terbuka iklim sesebuah sekolah itu, semakin luas dan selesa guru-guru mengajar di sekolah tersebut. Kajian ini menyokong tanggapan umum bahawa sesebuah sekolah yang mempunyai iklim yang lebih terbuka, guru-gurunya lebih selesa mengajar di sekolah tersebut.


SCHOOL climate : a study conducted at two secondary school in the Seremban District of Negeri Sembilan

This study research involves two secondary schools in the Seremban district of Negeri Sembilan. One is a boarding school (Sekolah Datuk Abdul Razak) while the other is a day school (Sekolah Menengah Jalan Sikamat). The purpose of the study is to gauge the type of school climate that exists in both schools. Aside from that, a comparison study is also done to see if boarding school and day school differs in school climate. The study will enable us to understand the perception of teachers and students in viewing their school climate. Lastly, it will help to answer an intriguing question whether there is a relationship between the school climate and the level of work satisfaction among teachers. 60 teachers and 80 pupils from both the school were chosen as respondents for the study. They were given the school climate profile questionnaire to answer. The researcher conducted interviews with several teachers and pupils so as to add greater emphasis and depth to the data obtained, during a one weel observation period at the schools. The findings of the study are as below: (1) Both schools have an open climate (2) Boarding school and day school do not show any difference in school climate (3) There is however a difference in perception between teachers and pupils in viewing their school climate (4) There is a significant relationship between the school climate and the working satisfaction of teachers. From the result, one can conclude that a boarding school may not necessarily have a more open climate compared to the day school, despite its various facilities that exist in the school. From the teachers perspective, the climate of the school is considered more open whereas students think otherwise. The more open the climate of the school, the higher the level of satisfaction and pleasure of teachers teaching there. The study supports a general assumption that teachers are more comfortable teaching in a school which experiences a more open climate.


SCHOOL climate : a study at three schools in the state of Negeri Sembilan



This research is a descriptive study regarding the climate of three schools in the state of Negeri Sembilan. The objectives are firstly to identify the types of climate in three schools and whether there are differences between them. Secondly the study is to describe the differences in perception of teachers and students regarding the school climate and finally the study aims to identify the factors which related to teachers job satisfaction. The data of the study is collected by use of questionaire, interviews and visits to the schools. From the data analyzed the study finds that the type of climate at Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Agama Persekutuan, Labu and Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Dato' Sedia Raja, Rembau is the open type. On the hand Sekolah Menengah Teknik Tuanku Jaafar, Seremban shows a closed climate. The perception of teachers on the school climate in all schools appears more positive than that of the students. The study also finds there is a correlation between job satisfaction among teachers with the type of climate in their schools. The study seems to endorse the public view that Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Agama Persekutuan, Labu shows a more positive school climate compared to the others. As such, it can be concluded that the government is taking the right step in building many more boarding schools similar to Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Agama Persekutuan, Labu.

TEACHERS perception toward the principals leadership style and its effect on the school climate : a case study on Sek. Jen. Keb. Tamil in Seremban/Port Dickson District, Negeri Sembilan, Darul Khusus







This study is conducted to determine teachers, perception toward the principal's leadership style and its effect on the school climate. The scope of the selected study is based on the teachers' demographic factors (gender, age, teaching experience, service category and position held). Subject chosen for this study consisted of 92 confirmed teachers from 10 Tamil schools' in Seremban/Port Dickson district of Negeri Sembilan. The questionnaire used for this study is a modified version of the LBDQ (Leadership Behavior Description Questionnaire) to test teachers' perception toward principal's leadership style and the C.K.F. Ltd. School Climate Profile which was used to test the school climate. Descriptive statistical analysis, t-Test, One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), Correlation analysis, and Multiple Regression stepwise analysis were employed in the study. Results of this study showed that: (1) a high percentage of teachers have a positive perception towards their principal's leadership style in school; (2) the t-Test an One-Way Analysis of variance results showed that there was significant difference in teachers; perception towards their principal's leadership style based on their service, position held and age categories; (3) there was no significant differences in teachers' perception toward the principal's leadership style based on gender and teaching experiences (4) correlation analysis showed that the school climate factors have a positive significant relationship with teachers' perception towards participative, supportive and success orientated principal's leadership style compared to the directive style which showed negative significant relationship; (5) the multiple regression stepwise analysis showed that no factors influenced the directive style of principal's leadership whereas in the school climate factors, the teaching and learning process, the management process and the environment factor had the highest influence on the teachers' perception toward participative, supportive and success orientated principal's leadership style. Finally recommendations for policy makers program planners and researchers were made a programme.

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